“My foot hurts…”

By: | Tags: , , | Comments: 0 | September 12th, 2014

  “My foot hurts…”

Understanding common foot pain afflicting dancers

 

“in my arch, especially in the morning”

Plantar Fasciitis is an overuse injury where the fibrous tissue along the arch connecting the heel to the toes becomes inflamed and painful. Dancers will likely feel more pain in the morning, after class, or after wearing high heels.

Causes: Tight Achilles tendons, tightness in the calves, fallen arches, or dancing on hard surfaces

Treatment: Rest and ice, massage the arch with a frozen water bottle or golf ball, stretch the Achilles and the calf, wear supportive shoes when not dancing, apply kinesiology tape, or have a chiropractor adjust the foot and ankle

 

“when I walk ever since I landed wrong”

Acute Fracture or Dancer’s Fracture is commonly seen in the 5th metatarsal, the long bone on the outside of the foot. Immediate pain with swelling or bruising is likely. X-ray is required for proper diagnosis

Causes: Landing with the foot turned in or inverted.

Treatment: Rest and Ice, a boot or other form of support will likely be needed for four to ten weeks depending on the severity. Rehabilitation is recommended when the boot comes off

 

“under my big toe, especially when I am not wearing shoes”

Seisamoiditis is a form of tendonitis that affects the tendon that controls the big toe. The seisamoid bones are two little bones located under the ball of the foot at the big toe with the tendon running through them. The pain can start gradually or all at once.

Causes: Overuse and possibly improper form during relevé

Treatment: Rest and ice, wearing a pad under the ball of the foot, kinesiology taping, chiropractic adjustments to the foot and ankle, analysis of proper dance form, or Class IV Laser treatments. Please note: x-rays are recommended to rule out fracture

 

“and my big toe points in”

Bunions aka Hallux Valgus can be seen non-dancers, but is more common at a younger age in dancers. It has a gradual onset.

Causes: Improper biomechanics including overpronation and compensation for over turn-out

Treatment: If it is caught early it can be treated with correcting the improper biomechanics by adding appropriate exercises, toe spacers, or chiropractic adjustments to the foot and ankle, for more severe cases, surgical intervention may be required

 

“all over the ball of my foot”

Metatarsalagia or sprain causes pain and tenderness usually under the ball of the foot due to overstretched ligaments.

Causes: Overuse and possibly improper form during one or several areas of dancing

Treatment: Rest and Ice, chiropractic adjustments to the ankle and foot, corrective exercises to improve function of the foot and lower body

 

“along all my toes constantly and gets worse whenever I dance”

Stress fracture is an overuse injury that can happen to any bone, yet is most likely to appear in the 2nd metatarsal for dancers. Unless an acute fracture, it may occur over a longer period of time feeling worse and even swelling after activity. X-ray is required for proper diagnosis

Causes: Overuse and possibly improper form during relevé

Treatment: Rest and Ice, a boot or other form of support will likely be needed for four to ten weeks depending on the severity. Rehabilitation is recommended when the boot comes off

 

Other possible causes of foot pain include:

  • toenail bruising from poorly fitting shoes
  • blisters from friction of the floor or shoes
  • calluses from building up tolerance to the friction
  • warts caused by an infection

To view the full newsletter: Sept 2014 the Healthy Dancer Newsletter

You must be logged in to post a comment.