27Feb, 2019

Tennis Elbow

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Most of the muscles that extend your wrist are attached to a bony bump on the outside of your elbow called the lateral epicondyle. Sometimes, through injury or overuse, the site where these muscles insert can become irritated or inflamed. This condition is called lateral epicondylitis or “tennis elbow”- although the majority of those affected do not play tennis. Activities involving repetitive wrist extension are a common cause of this condition, i.e., tennis, carpentry, bricklaying, knitting, playing piano, typing, or lifting objects with your palm facing down. The condition is […]
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27Feb, 2019

Ankle Sprain

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“Ligaments” are made up of many individual fibers running parallel to each other and bundled to form a strong fibrous band. These fibrous bands hold your bones together. Just like a rope, when a ligament is stretched too far, it begins to fray or tear. “Sprain” is the term used to describe this tearing of ligament fibers. Sprains are graded by the severity of damage to the ligament fibers. A Grade 1 sprain means the ligament has been painfully stretched, but no fibers have been torn. A Grade 2 sprain […]
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27Feb, 2019

Knee Sprain

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“Ligaments” are made up of many individual fibers running parallel to each other and bundled to form a strong fibrous band.  These fibrous bands hold your bones together. Just like a rope, when a ligament is stretched too far, it begins to fray or tear.  “Sprain” is the term used to describe this tearing of ligament fibers. Sprains are graded by the amount of damage to the ligament fibers.  A Grade I sprain means the ligament has been painfully stretched, but no fibers have been torn.  A Grade II sprain […]
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27Feb, 2019

Knee Arthritis

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The bones in your knee have a slick protective covering called “cartilage” on the joint surfaces that touch each other.  This cartilage serves as a friction reducer and shock absorber, thereby helping to extend the life of your joints. “Arthritis” means that your cartilage has begun to thin or crack and may eventually wear away, leading to a painful “bone on bone” situation.   Knee arthritis is very common, affecting more than 1/3 of adults over age 65.  People who are overweight or have a history of knee injury or […]
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27Feb, 2019

IT Band Syndrome

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Your iliotibial band is a fibrous band of tissue running from the crest of your hip, down to your knee. A muscle near the crest of your hip called the tensor fascia lata, attaches to this band to help control movements of your leg. Your iliotibial band passes over the point of your hip and over another bony bump on the outside of your knee called the lateral epicondyle. When the band is too tight, it can become painfully inflamed as it repeatedly rubs over the top of either of […]
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27Feb, 2019

Hip Arthritis

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A “joint” is an area where two or more bones come together. These bones have a slick rubbery protective covering, called “cartilage,” on the areas where they meet. This cartilage serves as a friction reducer and shock absorber, thereby prolonging the health of our joints. Osteoarthritis, or simply arthritis, occurs when your joint cartilage degenerates as a result of repetitive stress. Over time, this cartilage can thin and crack, eventually wearing away, leading to a painful “bone on bone” situation. Thinning of your joint cartilage is often accompanied by the […]
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27Feb, 2019

Hand Arthritis

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The bones in your hand have a slick, protective covering called “cartilage” on the joint surfaces that touch each other.  This cartilage serves as a friction reducer and shock absorber, thereby, helping to extend the life of your joints. “Arthritis” means that your cartilage has begun to thin or crack and may eventually wear away –impairing your strength and dexterity. Painful hand arthritis affects up to 1 in 4 people.  This degeneration has a tendency to affect specific joints, especially those of your index and middle fingers and the base […]
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27Feb, 2019

Pulled Hamstring

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Your hamstring is the group of muscles in the back of your thigh that flex your knee, i.e., moving your heel toward your buttock.  The term “strain” means that a muscle or its tendon has been stressed beyond its limit and has frayed, much like a rope that has been pulled too hard.  Your hamstring may be “pulled” or “strained” when it is forced to contract beyond its capacity, like during running or from excessive stretch. This tearing leads to bleeding, bruising, swelling, pain and loss of function. The symptoms […]
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27Feb, 2019

Groin Strain

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Your inner thigh muscle or “groin” is actually six individual muscles that squeeze your legs together and stabilize your pelvis during movement.  The term “strain” means that a muscle or tendon has been stressed beyond its limit and has frayed, much like a rope that has been pulled too hard.  Your groin may be “pulled” or “strained” if it is forced to contract beyond its capacity during sports or other vigorous activities. Groin strains are prevalent in sports that require forceful thigh movements, like kicking, sprinting, and side-to-side cutting.  Groin […]
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27Feb, 2019

Hip Pain

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Your hip typically has about six small fluid-filled sacs called “bursa” that act as cushions between tendons and bone.  One of the most common causes of hip pain is a condition called, “hip bursitis” which means that one or more of your bursas have become painfully inflamed. The broader (more accurate) diagnosis of “Greater trochanteric pain syndrome” (GTPS) describes an uncomfortable collection of problems affecting the outermost portion of your hip. GTPS can include swelling of one or more of the fibrous tendons that attach your muscles onto your hip […]
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